June 14, 2023   |   Reading time: 8 minutes

CLP Labelling Guidance and Requirements

Clp Labelling Guidance and Requirements
Do you know what CLP labelling is and why it’s essential for businesses? If not, you’re in the right place. In this article, we will discuss what CLP labelling entails and why following guidelines is so important. We’ll also look at how companies can meet all the requirements when labelling their chemical products. Keep reading to get all your questions answered!

Definition of CLP labelling

The CLP, or Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures, is a regulatory system for managing hazardous products. All potentially dangerous products must be labelled correctly to ensure their safe use and handling. This labelling process ensures that the product’s risks are accurately represented to those who may come into contact with it.

The CLP labelling requirements are set out by European Regulation 1272/2008, also known as the ‘CLP Regulation’. It provides a framework for classifying, labelling, and packaging hazardous substances and mixtures. The regulation also outlines how Member States must share information about dangerous products throughout Europe and GB.

The purpose of CLP labelling is to provide relevant safety information to the user to reduce any potential risk associated with using the product. Labels must include a CLP hazard pictogram, signal word, hazard statement, precautionary statement, supplier information, and other relevant safety information. Therefore, businesses must comply with these requirements to ensure appropriate product use.

Classification and hazard information on CLP labels

Once an item has been classified, the information must be provided on labels. Hazard and precautionary statements are two types of hazard information that must be included in CLP labelling.

Hazard statements describe the hazardous effects and risks associated with a substance or mixture, while precautionary statements advise how to prevent and mitigate these hazards. Hazard statements must include any known or anticipated health effects of exposure, environmental hazards, and other known or anticipated risks from using the product.

Precautionary statements should describe the action recommended to reduce or avoid risks caused by the product. This includes instructions for safe handling, storage, disposal, transport, and product use.

Ensuring all CLP labels contain accurate classification and hazard information is important. By providing clear and accurate information, manufacturers can help protect people from injury or illness caused by their products.

Safety Data Sheet requirements

Safety Data Sheets (SDS) are an important requirement for the labelling of hazardous chemicals. They must be included with each shipment of a hazardous chemical product to provide downstream users with information about the potential hazards associated with their product. SDSs must be completed and updated to meet current regulations. They must include information on the chemical’s identity, hazards associated with its use, first aid measures, firefighting measures, safe handling procedures, and emergency contact information. The SDS must also contain information regarding the physical and chemical properties of the hazardous material and details regarding any protective equipment that may be necessary when working with or around it.

Additionally, the SDS should include instructions for proper disposal of any waste materials resulting from its use. It is important to ensure that all of this information is up-to-date and accurate to protect workers and consumers from harm. Finally, SDSs are kept in an easily accessible place so that they can be quickly referenced in an emergency situation. The SDS should also be reviewed regularly to ensure that it meets safety requirements and is up-to-date with any changes made to the hazardous material since it was last reviewed. Companies must take these steps to ensure their products are safe for workers and consumers.

CLP pictograms and signal words

Having discussed the Safety Data Sheet requirements, it’s also important to understand the CLP pictograms and signal words used in warning labels. These symbols visually represent potential hazards, allowing users to identify potential risks quickly. CLP pictograms are a universal symbol for identifying specific types of hazards. For example, a flame may be used to indicate flammability. Similarly, a skull and crossbones may be used to denote toxicity.

Other CLP pictograms can also be used depending on the type of risk involved, such as an exploding bomb or a gas cylinder. Signal words are another important element of labelling requirements. Signal words are typically printed in capital letters and indicate the severity of the hazard present. The two signal words are ‘Danger’ and ‘Warning’, which respectively denote severe or serious hazards and moderate risks. These symbols must be correctly identified and applied as they help provide information about the hazard level to workers or consumers who may potentially come into contact with it. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that products have proper warning labels incorporating CLP pictograms and signal words to protect employees and consumers from any potential harm from hazardous materials or products.

Precautionary statements

Precautionary statements are important for product labelling and should be included with all CLP labels. These statements seek to inform users about the precautions to take for safe use, handling and disposal. Precautionary statements can be a combination of general precautionary statements, prevention, response, storage and disposal statements. Examples include ‘Keep out of the reach of children’, ‘Protect from moisture’, ‘If eye irritation persists, get medical attention’, ‘Store in a dry place’ and advice on safely disposing of the substance.

When designing a label, you should ensure that necessary precautionary statements are included in current regulations and laws. The CLP Regulation requires products to include appropriate precautionary statements that clearly outline the risks associated with its use and handling and advice on using the product safely. This will help consumers make informed decisions about their chemical products’ safety.

Environmental hazards

When it comes to environmental hazards, CLP labelling requirements are very specific. All products must be labelled with the appropriate hazard symbols and phrases representing the associated risks. To help ensure accuracy, manufacturers should keep updated on the current regulations regarding hazardous substances and mixtures. Furthermore, all labels must clearly indicate who is responsible for the product’s safety and provide instructions for safe use. In addition to hazard symbols and phrases, all labels must include precautionary statements about potential risks associated with a product’s use or exposure. This includes warnings about any health hazards or environmental contamination that could arise from using or storing the product. These statements should be clear, concise, and easy to understand so consumers can make informed decisions when purchasing products.

Labels should also include information about safe disposal practices for hazardous substances and mixtures. Manufacturers should ensure these instructions are clearly written and up-to-date to protect people and the environment. Proper disposal of hazardous materials can help prevent contamination of soil, air, water, and other resources in our communities. Manufacturers must work closely with regulatory authorities to ensure their labels meet all applicable requirements for CLP labelling guidance and requirements. Doing so will help protect consumers from potential risks while helping preserve our environment for future generations.

CLP labelling obligations

Labelling obligations are a crucial component of the CLP Regulation. All hazardous chemicals must be labelled in accordance with the requirements of the Regulation. Labels must be clear and legible and include the following information: The product name or identifier, as well as any hazard warnings associated with it. This includes CLP pictograms, signal words, hazard statements (H-statements) and precautionary statements (P-statements). The labeller’s details, such as the name and address of the producer or importer of the product.

In addition, if there is a trade name for a product, this should also be provided. Additional information may be required depending on specific hazards or environmental concerns associated with the product. For example, if an environmental hazard is associated with a product, it must indicate that it is subject to special measures during transport. It is important to ensure that all labelling requirements are adhered to so that users of hazardous chemicals can access complete and accurate information on their risks and safe use.

Compliance with legislation

Businesses need to comply with all relevant legislation when labelling their products. This ensures that their products are appropriately labelled and meet safety regulations before they go to market. Companies also need to be aware of any changes in legislation, such as updates to existing laws or new laws, that may affect how they label their products.

When it comes to legislation compliance, companies should ensure that the information on the labels is accurate and up-to-date. This includes ensuring that the product’s ingredients, manufacturing details, and other relevant information are accurately listed on the label. Companies should also ensure they are not making false claims or misleading customers about their products.

Additionally, companies should check if their labels comply with local regulations and industry standards. Labels should be easy to read, clearly state all required information, and include safety warnings when necessary. Adhering to labelling requirements will help companies ensure their products meet legal standards and protect consumers from potential harm or injury due to incorrect labelling.

Enforcement of the CLP labelling requirements

The manufacturer, importer, or distributor of a hazardous product initially does enforcement of the CLP labelling requirements. If they fail to comply with the requirements, enforcement action can be taken by a Competent Authority. This includes fines, withdrawal of products from the market, and criminal prosecution in some cases. The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) can help Competent Authorities investigate non-compliance with labelling regulations. They provide guidance documents and share information on their website about identifying hazardous substances and classifying them correctly. They also offer advice on enforcement measures that can be taken when these rules are not followed.

Competent Authorities must consider several factors when deciding what kind of enforcement action to take. These include whether there was an intention to mislead or deceive customers about the safety of a product, whether any harm has been caused by using it, and whether similar violations have occurred in the past. In addition, consideration should be given to any mitigating circumstances that may apply in particular cases. Ultimately, it is up to each Competent Authority to decide which course of action best serves their country’s interests.

Reviewing existing CLP labels

It’s important to review existing CLP labels before creating new ones. This ensures the label is up-to-date with current regulations and requirements. It also allows for any changes that may be necessary due to changes in product composition or manufacturing process. The best way to start is by looking at the most recent label and comparing it against the current version of the CLP guidance. Make sure all of the labelling elements are present and accurate. Check for accuracy in language, font size, graphic elements, and warning statements. If anything appears outdated or incorrect, make adjustments accordingly.

Once everything looks good, it’s time to review other versions of the label from different countries or regions. This will ensure compliance with local regulations and provide a comprehensive understanding of all labelling requirements across markets. It also helps prevent potential issues from occurring when releasing a product in multiple countries or regions. Take note of any differences in language, graphic elements, text layout, etc., as these may need to be incorporated into your label design for local markets.


To ensure compliance with the CLP Regulation, reviewing product labels and making necessary updates regularly is important. The CLP labelling requirements can seem daunting, but some exceptions can simplify the process. Additionally, understanding how to apply these regulations across different countries is key for successfully launching a product in an international market.

However, failure to comply with CLP labelling rules can result in hefty penalties. It’s essential to understand the implications of not adhering to the guidelines and take measures to prevent them. We recommend consulting with well-versed experts who can provide guidance and support.

Overall, meeting CLP labelling standards is a vital part of any successful business venture. By understanding the requirements, staying up-to-date on changes, and seeking professional advice, companies can ensure their products are compliant and safe for consumers worldwide.